成份索引

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A List of all ingredients of CANVAS :

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

Algin
 
Extracts from brown algae cell wall, a good binding agent with high water absorption at over 250 times its original weight.
 
 
Aloe Vera
Aloe barbadensis
Originated from South Africa. Natural vegetarian sources of Vitamin B12, enzymes and amino acids. It is anti-inflammatory and helps soothe the skin and reduce dryness, redness and flakiness.
Ashwaganda Extract
Withania somnifera
Root extracts commonly used in native Indian medicine for stress, skin inflammatory and pain killers. Clinical research shows it relaxes the central nervous system, regenerate cells, strengthen epidermis, brighten skin and lighten ageing spots.
Australian Sandalwood
Santalum spicatum
Heartwood extracts from trees at Southwest Australia semiarid areas of at least 20 years old. Sandalwood is renowned for its skin care benefits and also its ability to repair DNA and reverse the signs of sun damaged skin. It is rich in alpha- bisabolol, which is well known as anti-inflammatory properties. It has the ability to help reverse the signs of sun damage to the skin. Ideal for sensitive skin.
Avocado Oil
Persea gratissima
Avocado is rich in Vitamin A, B, D, E, protein, and lecithin. It has outstanding regenerative properties. Highly emollient with anti-wrinkle, anti-bacterial, and anti-oxidant properties. Avocado oil penetrates the skin more deeply than other oils allowing it to transport nutrients through the outer epidermis of the skin and into the dermis for increased effectiveness. Suitable for all skin types.
Basil
Ocimum basilicum
Basil is rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin K and anti-oxidants, for skin collagen maintenance, stimulating cell growth and protecting cell from free radical damage. It can also help calm inflammation, leave soothe and relaxing skin.
 
Beeswax
Apis cera
Beewax is natural wax produced in the bee hive of honey bees, contains Vitamin A which is necessary for normal cell development. Beeswax locks in moisture, fosters cells and protects skin from damaging environmental factors.
 
Benzyl Alcohol
 
Naturally found in plants and tea, act as a preservatives with mild aromatic scent.
 
Bergamot
Citrus bergamia
Cross between lime and orange tree. Bergamot is ideal for calming, cooling and refreshing the skin. Its anti-septic feature can reduce the oily and acne problem. As a fragrance, its clean and refreshing scent could help fight against depression, anxiety, and nervousness.
 
Beta Glucan
 
Soluble fibre from oat kernels. Studies suggest that the molecules are small enough to penetrate the epidermis. It helps moisturising skin, reduce wrinkles and enhance minor wound healing.
 
Black Pepper
Piper nigrum
Black pepper is ground from dried, whole unripe fruit. It contains piperine, providing the warm texture for stimulate lymphatic flow and blood circulation. As an essential oil, it relieves muscle aches and pains, stiffness, weak muscle tone.
 
Bladderwrack Extract
Fucus vesiculosus
Bladderwrack contains a compound called fucoidan that has anti-ageing properties. Fucoidan promotes the retention of collagen while decreasing skin thickness and improving skin's elasticity. It also helps to soothe irritated or inflamed skin and is rich in minerals. Clinical studies show it outperforms Kijic acid and Arbutin as skin whitening ingredients at lower concentrations.
 
Blue Cypress
Callitris intratropica
Official fragrance of the 2000 Olympic games. Blue Cypress is distilled from the wood, bark and leaves of Cypress Pine native at Northern Australia, with balancing, calming, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
 
Buddhawood
Eremophila mitchellii
Australia wild crafted trees, one of the strongest scented woods of Australia, very effective for meditation and for creating a layer of protection around the auric field. It is also very relaxing and sedating. Buddhawood is anti-bacterial, anti inflammatory, and a stimulant for the immune system and effective in free radical scavenging even at extra low concentration.
 
Calcium Carbonate
 
Mineral that naturally occurred in rocks. Alkaline in nature which works as a good oil absorber and provide matte finishing.
 
Calendula Flower Extract
Calendula officinalis
Powerful skin regeneration and anti-ageing ingredient, proven to stimulate the metabolism of glycoproteins, nucleoproteins and collagen during the skin's healing process. It is rich in flavonoids and saponins promote skin healing and repair, but also significantly reduce inflammations.
 
Camellia Seed Oil
Camellia sinensis
Camellia seed oil can penetrate into skin for moisture retaining ability, leaving soothe and supple skin. It also acts as a buffer on skin to maintain skin pH balance as protective shield against environmental pollutants.
 
Capric/Caprylic Triglycerides
Extracts from coconut oil. Known for its anti-oxidant and anti-microbial properties. Helps to protect the skin from the ageing effects of free radicals, and can help improve the appearance of skin with its anti-ageing benefits
 
Caramel
 
Provide a sweet taste on the delicate lip.
 
Carrageenan
Chondras crispus
Red seaweed extracts native to Europe and North America. Its long chain molecular structure helps moisture trapping to provide instant skin hydration and skin cooling.
 
Castor Seed Oil
Ricinus communis
Castor oil is rich in Vitamin E, anti-oxidants and minerals. Regularly apply on skin can prevent the presence of wrinkles.

 
Cats Claw Leaf Extract
Uncaria tomentosa
Cat's claw is woody vine found in the tropical jungles which can reach up to 30m. Australian research shows Cat's Claw prevents cell death in response to toxic nitrogen oxides, thus making it an effective anti-oxidant, helping the body get rid of particles known as free radicals that damage cells.
 
Cellulose
 
Cellulose is extracted from cell wall of plant. It acts as a natural thickener for viscosity control and increase product opacity.
 
Cetearyl Alcohol
 
It is an emulsifier to mix the oil and liquid phase. It also thickens up the formula and fills up the skin cell space, resulting soft and soothe skin.
 
Cetearyl Olivate
 
Emulsifier extracted from olive oil. It is anti-allergic and high moisturising to skin.
 
Cetyl Betaine
 
Cetyl Betaine is a mild surfactant which stabilises foam and increase viscosity for cleansing product. The presence of oxidisers makes it stable in wide pH range.
 
Cetyl Palmitate
Natural fatty acid found in plants and animals. Used as emollient, thickener, surfactant, and emulsifiers in skin care products.

 
Chamomile German
Matricaria recutita
Chamomile German is an excellent healing, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic extract. It is used in herbal medicine for a sore stomach and as a gentle sleep aid.
 
Chamomile Roman
Anthemis nobilis
A supreme calming and relaxing oil, Chamomile-Roman is useful to calm tension, stress, insomnia and headaches. It is also considered by some to be the essential oil 'Rescue Remedy'.
 
Chromium Oxide Green - Mineral Pigment CI 77288
Cosmetic grade colorant, naturally in mineral eskolaite, used to even out skin tone.
 
Cinnamon Leaf Oil
Salvia sclarea
Extracts from leaves and flower of Clary Sage plant which have similar chemical structure as human hormones. It can stimulate the hormones production, balance sebum production and promote cell regeneration.
 
Clove Bud
 
Clove Bud is warming and analgesic for muscular and joint pain. It is a strong stimulating oil and highly anti-infectious.
 
Coco Betaine
Natural cleanser from coconut oil. It is used as emulsifying agent, thickener and surfactant in cosmetic industry, it also enhance foam forming with mild germicidal effect in cleansers.

 
Comfrey Root
Symphytum officinale
Comfrey contains Allatoin, a cell proliferator, able to strengthen skin tissue and help heal ulcers. It stimulates cell growth and repair while simultaneously depressing inflammation, speeds up the natural replacement of body cells.
 
Copper PCA
Chondras crispus
Red seaweed extracts native to Europe and North America. Its long chain molecular structure helps moisture trapping to provide instant skin hydration and skin cooling.
 
Coriander
Coriandrum sativum
Extracts from coriander seeds. Coriander contains folic acid, Vitamin C, Vitamin A and beta carotene. It helps reduce oily skin and pimple growth.
 
Cypress
Cupressus sempervirens
Extracts from needles and twigs of young branches. Cypress oil has a calming and soothing effect on the nerves, assist in body fluid discharge and relief respiratory problem.
 
A biodegradable non-ionic surfactant obtained reaction between corn starch and coconut. Ideal for sensitive skin.
 
Decyl Olive Ester
Extracts from olive oil. Act as emulsion stabilising agent, chemical structure similar to human sebum.

 
Dehydroacetic Acid
 
Organic compound commonly used in skincare industry as preservatives.
 
Dicaprylyl Carbonate
Used as skin moisture and emollient for protecting skin's lipid layer.
 
Dicaprylyl Ether
Derived from plant oil. Skin moisture providing non-oily texture.
 
Diethylamino Hydroxybenzoyl
Hexyl Benzoate
A new ingredient is used for UVA absorption. It covers the whole UVA range (320- 400nm) and exhibits excellent photo stability. It also protects the skin from damaging by UV free radical.
 
Dragon's Blood Resin Extract
Croton lechleri
Red seaweed extracts native to Europe and North America. Its long chain molecular structure helps moisture trapping to provide instant skin hydration and skin cooling.
 
Echinacea Extract
Echinacea purpurea
Cone flower native to the plains of North America. It stimulates the white blood cells production, enhance immune system to fight infection, heal wound and cell regeneration. Its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial help the skin overcome irritation and soothe the skin, therefore effective in curing burns and acne.

 
Elemi
Canarium luzonicum
Resin extracts from tropical trees native to Southeast Asia. Elemi is effective in reducing wrinkles, soothing skin muscles and moisture the skin. It also helps the skin in speeding up healing from sunburn or natural ageing process.
 
Ethanol
Ethanol helps creating weightless texture and opens the skin barrier for penetration of beneficial vitamins into skin.
 
Eucalyptus
Eucalyptus radiata
Extracts from leaves and terminal branchlets of Eucalyptus native to Australia. Eucalyptus is emotionally stimulating and when used in a burner, it helps to clear the air and refreshes the space.
 
Evening Primrose Seed Oil
Oenothera biennis
The oil contains a very concentrated essential fatty acid called GLA (gamma-linoleic acid) which the body converts into prostaglandins, a substance that functions like hormones, helping to regulate body processes like cell reproduction. Evening Primrose Oil benefits the skin and is extremely helpful in the treatment of many skin ailments including dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, rosacea and other conditions where dry, scaly skin is a problem.
 
Fennel Sweet
Foeniculum vulgare
Fennel is useful for the relief of indigestion and over-indulgence. It helps relieve stress and nervous tension. Avoid during pregnancy.
 
Fir Needle
Abies siberica
Extracts from coniferous ever green tree in Siberica. It exhibits incredible adaptive ability to remain vibrant, green and disease free all year round despite being exposed to extreme temperatures ranging from -50°C to +40°C, and extended periods throughout winter of up to 24 hours of darkness. Its high concentration of bio-active iron, helps the blood building and oxygen utilisation to fight against skin from environmental damage.

 
Flax Seed Oil
Linum usitatissimum
Helps to moisturise, smooth and nourish the skin. It contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid for plump up the skin, reduces irritation and diminished wrinkles.
 
Fragonia
Agonis fragrans
New ingredient native to Australia. Extracts from foliage and flowers of Agonis tree. Trademarked by Paperbark Oils, Western Australian. Highly recommended by Aromatherapy scientist for its golden proportion on key chemical structure, ideal all-rounded balancing before further skincare steps.
 
Frangipani Absolute
Plumeria acutifolia
Extracts from flower native to tropical areas. Frangipani moisturise the damaged skin, keep skin soft and smooth. It also reported to protect the skin from certain type of UVB.
 
Frankincense
Boswellia carteri
Oleo gum resin extracts from trees native to Africa and Asia. Famous for its warming and protective essence, Frankincense can support the immune system and maintain well-being. It is beneficial during times of stress and illness.
 
Fructan
Fructose polymer found in plants for protecting the plant from drying out. It re-plumps skin by retaining moisture.
 
GABA (Gamma Aminobutyric Acid & 4-aminobutanoic acid)
GABA is also presence in human body, produced at brain, aiding in cell recovery and nervous stress control. Topically treatment of GABA acts as a muscle relaxant to smooth out wrinkles and fine lines.

 
Geranium
Pelargonium graveolens
Extracts from leaves and stems of geranium. Geranium can tighten the skin cell and body tissues, helps to tighten the pores and maintain the elasticity of the skin.
 
Ginger
Zingiber officinale
Root extracts from the plant originated at Southeast Asia. Ginger is a warming and stimulating essence. It is considered to be a masculine essence for support and balance.
 
Ginseng Root Extract
Panax ginseng
Root extracts native to Northeastern China, Eastern Russia and North Korea. Ginseng is rich in phytonutrients, which stimulate the blood flow and metabolism. It can maintain the skin's elasticity and prevent wrinkles.
 
Glycerin
Glycerin could be derived from hydrolysis of fats, fermentation of sugar or synthetically manufactured. Glycerin is used as humectants and emollient to soften and soothe skin. And its readily absorbs water from the atmosphere.
 
Glyceryl Caprylate
Derived from plant oil, act as a emulsifier and biological stabilisation against yeast and bacteria in skincare products.
 
Glyceryl Oleate
Derived from plant oil and glycerin. Glyceryl Oleate acts as an emulsifier to reduce surface tension of the ingredients and moisture the skin.

 
Glyceryl Stearate
Derived from reacting glycerin with vegetarian fatty acid, same ingredient also naturally produced in human body. It acts as lubricant to provide soothe and soft skin, prevent moisture loss by forming barrier on skin surface and protect skin from free-radical damage.
 
Gotu Kola Leaf Extract
Centella asiatica
Used traditionally in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine to treat dermatitis, psoriasis, wounds, skin ulcers, minor burns and leprosy. It also has a traditional use for prevention of scar formation, and for prevention or reduction of stretch marks. It is used in skincare to increase skin firmness, elasticity, to treat sun-damaged skin, for skin hydration, and for effects due to cold and dry weather.
 
Grape Seed Seed Oil
Vitis vinifera
Enriched with essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, protein and GLA, grape seed oil has good moisturising and nourishing properties and suitable for all skin types including sensitive.
 
Grapefruit
Citrus paradisi
Grapefruit is uplifting and beneficial in times of stress. It is ideal for massage of stiff and heavy legs.
 
Green Clay
Green clay is bentonite mineral at high pH level. Its can draws out the dirt and impurities from the pores, increasing blood flow and therefore providing bright skin.
 
Green Coffee Bean Extact
Coffea arabica
Green refers to immature coffee beans, which is unroasted to keep its waxy layer. It maintained the alkaloid (caffeine and Trigonelline) and GABA which will degraded in coffee roasting, good source as anti-oxidant. It could absorb the free radicals, increase blood circulation and eliminate water retention.

 
Green Tea Leaf
Camellia sinensis
Green tea is rich in catechins which help fight and neutralise damage caused by free radicals. Topically, green tea may help rejuvenate the skin and support the skin's youthful appearances and lighten skin tones.
 
Hyaluronic Acid
Use in skin care for its natural moisturising factor. It is a natural moisturising component of human skin, which gradually decreases in aged skin. A powerful moisturiser and 'water magnet' that can bind 500-1000 times its own weight in water.
 
Hydrolysed Wheat Protein
Natural lipids from palm oil combine with natural wheat protein. It increases skin firmness, retain moisture, decrease the wrinkle and minimise the pores. It used as a foam forming agent which is less irritant than traditional Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS).
 
Hydrosol of Rosa Damascena
Distilled from Damascena Rose petal. It can stimulate the skin to increase blood circulation, control and balance sebum production and provide uplifting & relaxing mood to the environment.
 
Immortelle
Helichrysum angustifolium
This remarkable oil is used in many healing formulas from infection and inflammation in respiratory conditions and muscle pain. Its ability to stimulate the production of new skin cells makes it popular in facial care for mature skin.
 
Inulin
Derived in plant sugar that with similar functions as Fructan. It acts as a moisturiser to skin.

 
Iron Oxide - Mineral Pigment CI 77491
It is a red iron oxide mineral. Cosmetic grading pigment for skin color tuning.
 
Iron Oxide - Mineral Pigment CI 77492
It is a yellow iron oxide mineral. Cosmetic grading pigment for skin color tuning.
 
Jasmine Absolute Flower Extract
Jasminum sambac
It balances the oil production while keeping the skin moisturised.
 
Jasmine Flower
Jasminium grandiflorum
Jasmine is useful in skin toning and irritated skin calming. University studies showed Jasmine is effective in anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, wound healing and anti-acne activity.
 
Jojoba Seed Oil
Simmondsia chinensis
Organic Jojoba oil is extracted from the seeds of the jojoba plant, which is rich in proteins, minerals and Vitamin E. This luxurious carrier oil helps skin retain moisture and suppleness and can be quickly absorbed into skin without traces of oiliness. Suitable for all skin types including oily or acne-prone skin.
 
Juniperberry Himalayan
Juniperus communis
Juniperberry helps relieve stress and nervous tension. It is useful for muscular aches and pains and detoxifying for cellulite and fluid retention.
 
Kaolin
Kaolin can be found under the soil of tropical areas. It exfoliates the skin to draw the impurities and toxin from skin, while keeping the natural oils in, and increases blood circulation and minimise pores.
 
Knotweed Extract
Polygonum multiflorum
Anti-oxidant and anti-ageing also used in Chinese medicine. It could treat acne and reduce ageing signs.
 
Kudzu Root
Pueraria tuberosa
Kudzu Root extracts slows down the ageing process. The nodules are rich in protein, for skin brightening and anti-oxidant. Key benefits include improvement in skin tone, free radical scavenging, and promotion of procollagen synthesis as well as anti-oxidant properties.
 
Lactic Acid
Lactic acid is a natural acid derived from milk, fruit, vegetables and other plants. It is large in molecular size, and therefore not easy to penetrate through skin to cause irritation. It is commonly used as humectants to increase water level on epidermis. By inhibiting the tyrosinase level, it lightens the skin and control the melanin level.
 
Lapis Lazuli Powder
Extracted from Afghanistan rock. Being used over 6000 years for decorative, jewellery and painting pigment. When blending in skincare products, it calms down the body and emotion. Lapis Lazuli improves blood circulation, chases away melancholy and improves sleep.
 
Lavender
Lavandula angustifolia
Extracts from the flowering tops of Lavender plant. Lavender is highly aromatic with a fresh fruity-floral scent. It is anti-inflammatory for acne healing, rejuvenating cell and hydrating to bring to bring and beautiful skin. Emotionally, it is very soothing and relaxing.
 
Lecithin GMO Free
Lecithin is a natural lipid and is found in all living cells. It is mainly derived from soybean and egg yolks. It is commonly used as an emulsifier and moisturising agent at skincare. As it also present in human body, it can be fully metabolised by body cell.
 
Lemon
Citrus limon
Extracts from the lemon peel, with refreshing and uplifting scent. It contains citric acid that cleanses the oily skin; lighten the darks spots and pigmentation, and natural brightening agent. Giving a clarified, soothe and soft skin.
 
Lemongrass
Cymbopogon flexuosus
Extracts from the freshly cut leaves. Lemongrass has fresh smelling, emotionally stimulating and invigorating. Lemongrass essential oil can be a skin irritant, so care should be taken when using on the skin.
 
Licorice Root Extract
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Licorice is native to the Mediterranean region, rich in glabridin. It prevents UVB-induced pigmentation, and prevents the growth for tyrosinase, which is commonly used as an anti-oxidant moisturiser.
 
Lutein
Lutein is synthesised from green leafy vegetables. It helps skin hydrating to retain the elasticity. And protect the lipid layer to prevent UV damage from the sun.
 
Lycopene
Ricinus communis
Lycopene is naturally occurred pigmentation in red vegetable, e.g. tomato, pink grapefruit and papaya. It blocks UV to prevent free radical damaging the skin and protect the skin against ageing.
 
Maca Root Extract
Lepidium meyenii
Root extract of Maca native to Peru. It nourishes and softens the skin to provide young look.
 
Macadamia Seed Oil
Macadamia integrifolia
Extracts from the nuts of Macadamia tree native to Queensland. The oil is high in palmitoleic acid, often recommended for aged skin which starts to dry as sebum production diminishes. Highly nourishing, stabilise and maintain skin structure.
 
Magnesium Silicate
Magnesium Silicate is semi- transparent powder; provide silky, perfect finishing on skin.
 
Maize Starch
Zea mays
Starch derived from corn. High absorption power to provide silky touch on skin. Act as a replacement to Talc powder.
 
Manadarin
Citrus reticulata
Essential oil from Mandarin orange peel. With a comforting sweet aroma, Mandarin is gentle and calming; it is excellent for reducing tension and mild anxiety. More delicate than other citrus oils, it is suitable to use on children and during pregnancy.
 
Marigold Flower
Calendula officinalis
Powerful skin regeneration and anti-ageing ingredient, proven to stimulate the metabolism of glycoproteins, nucleoproteins and collagen during the skin's healing process. It is rich in flavonoids and saponins promote skin healing and repair, but also significantly reduce inflammations.
 
Marjoram
Origanum majorana
Marjoram is excellent to reduce stress, mild anxiety and related conditions. It can also increase circulation to help with bruises, chilblains.
 
Marshmallow Root
Althaea officinalis
Root extracts from plant native to Africa. Known for their healing effects in effectively soothes irritation and relieves inflammation. It also promotes tissue fluid generation and increase moisture in deficient skin conditions.
 
Mica
Ricinus communis
Mica is chemically inert group of over 30 types of silicate minerals. Mica powder reflects light from the face because of its glittering or shimmering properties, and can create the illusion of a smoother, softer and radiant glow to skin.
 
Milk Thistle
Silymarin
Seeds extracts from a Mediterranean herb. It is rich in Silymarin which is famous for the free radical scavenges, at least 10 times stronger than Vitamin E for the anti-oxidant power.
 
Neroli
Citrus aurantium var. amara
Blossom extracts from bitter orange tree. It regulates skin oiliness, helps skin regeneration, minimises pores and prevents scar formation.
 
Neroli Bigarade
Citrus aurantium ssp amara
Neroli is emotionally tranquil and uplifting. It is beneficial during times of stress and can relieve nervous tension and insomnia.
 
Niaouli
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Extracts from young leaves and twigs of evergreen tree native to Australia. Niaouli is fresh smelling. It possesses significant anti-microbial, antiseptic, anti-bacterial, analgesic and disinfectant properties.
 
Oakmoss Absolute
Evernia prunastri
Lichen extracts from Oak branches in the Northern Hemisphere. Lichen growth only at low Sulphur area, presence of Oakmoss proven the air purity. It maintains the water oil balance, reduced aged sign, heal wounds and soothe skin.
 
Oatmeal
Avena sativa
Oatmeal contains healthy fats and carbohydrate, it soften and protect the skin from drying out. When using as scrub, it exfoliates the impurities and dirt from skin, leave with smooth texture.
 
Olea Europa (Olive)
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Extracts from young leaves and twigs of evergreen tree native to Australia. Niaouli is fresh smelling. It possesses significant anti-microbial, antiseptic, anti-bacterial, analgesic and disinfectant properties.
 
Olive Oil unsaponifiables
Olea europaea
Group of components including olive oil, fat, wax that do not saponify. It is added to cleansing product to enhance the moisturising properties.
 
Orange
Citrus sinensis
Extract from orange peel, rich in Vitamin C and anti-oxidant. Protect the skin from free radical damage and cleanse the pores for excess oil and dead skin.
 
Palmarosa
Cymbopogon martinii
Extracts from dried grass harvested before flowering. Palmarosa is calming and clarifying. A good overall toning essence, Palmarosa is also useful in skin care for its hydrating and anti-ageing benefits. It balances the oil level and stimulates new tissue formation.
 
Parfum
Mixture of essential oils and solvents to enhance product scent.
 
Passionfruit Seed Oil
Passiflora edulis
Enriched with Vitamin A, Vitamin C, linoleic acid and omega 6 fatty acid. It is easily absorbed by skin to renew lipid layer, help nourishing and reducing the skin swelling and irritation problem.
 
Patchouli
Pogostemon patchouli
Extracts from dried and fermented young leave of Patchouli native to Malaysia and India. Patchouli is relaxing and calming. It is a regenerating and anti-inflammatory essence to heal minor wounds.
 
Peppermint Arvensis
Mentha arvensis
Extracted from leaves of field mint, grows along shorelines in damp to wet soil. Its contains higher menthol level than normal peppermint oil, for strong refreshing and penetrating scent, help to sharpen the senses to help focus and clear the mind.
 
Peppermint Arvensis
Mentha piperita
Extracted from whole plant parts before flowering. It creates sharp and fresh scent and act as skin conditioning agent in skincare.
 
Petitgrain
Citrus aurantium var. amara
Extracts from fresh leaves and small twigs of orange tree. With strong citrus aroma, it stimulates physiological system and refreshing mind.
 
Pine
Pinus sylvestris
Extracts from needles, twigs and cones of pine mainly found in high sea level area. It is emotionally invigorating. It can stimulate circulation to relieve muscle aches and pains.
 
Plantain Leaf Extract
Plantago major
It has superb anti-bacterial, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties which make it ideal for use in treating a variety of skin conditions. The leaf contains Allantoin which helps to accelerate healing times, improves cellular turn over and growth rate and also effectively kills pathogens. The leaf readily reduces inflammation commonly associated with scars, itching and minor injuries.
 
Polyglutamic Acid
Derived from Natto, a Japanese soybean, Polyglutamic Acid is used in skin care for its hydrating properties. It improves the skins moisture content and supports healthy looking skin. It combines the moisture retention power of hyaluronic acid and maintains skin elasticity of collagen.
 
Polyglyceryl-10 Isostearate
Plant derived emulsifier, to maintain the skin condition.
 
Polylactic Acid
Biodegradable polyester derived from corn starch, as scrub particles.
 
Pomegranate Sterols
Punica granatum
Derived from the lipid fraction of pomegranate. It can hold water doubled than original weight, nourishes the skin surface.
 
Potassium Olivoyl Hydrolysed Wheat Protein
Derived from condensation between olive acid and wheat protein. Suitable for sensitive and delicate skin. It combines the softening, sebum restoration, soothing properties from olive oil and excellent moisturising with less irritating from wheat protein.
 
Potassium Sorbate
Potassium Sorbate is a mild and natural preservatives commonly used in food and skincare industry. It controls the growth of mold and yeast which could be replacement for Paraben.
 
Pro Vitamin A (Beta Carotene)
Pro Vitamin A is strong red-orange pigment commonly found in carrots, pumpkins and sweet potatoes. Pro Vitamin A protects the skin from sun damage, prevent the ageing signs and heal wounds and prevent the formation of scars.
 
Pro Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide)
Vitamin B3 may improve the overall appearance of the skin by reducing the signs of ageing as well as decreasing hyper pigmentation, redness, dryness and flakiness. Vitamin B3 is hydrating when applied topically and improves the barrier function of the skin.
 
Pullulan
Pullulan is derived from starch. It is often used as film forming for edible film, like breath freshener.
 
Quercetin
Derived from plants, vegetables and grains. It has shown to help prevent the development of a variety of conditions related to inflammation and free-radical damage. It increases the production of both collagen and fibronectin, two substances necessary to keep the skin healthy. It helps to diminish signs of ageing, speed wound healing and repair damage to nerve tissues in skin wounds.
 
Quinoa Seed Extract
Chenopodium album
Quinoa is high protein and amino acid crop from South America. With its adaption to grow in extreme temperature changes at high sea level, it is recognised as super food by United Nations General Assembly. The seeds extract could help skin regeneration and improve skin elasticity.
 
Ravensare
Ravensara aromatica
Leaf extracts native to Madagascar. Used for a broad spectrum of conditions, Ravensara has a reputation for being universal healing oil with its soft sweet scent.
 
Resveratrol
Resveratrol, the powerful, wine-derived anti-oxidant helps to reduce premature ageing in the skin that can be caused by inflammation. It is a good free-radical fighter, it can reverse the effects of UV damage and protect from further UV damage. Resveratrol is a phyto-estrogen, a plant-derived substance that works similarly to estrogen to help maintain collagen and moisture in the skin.
 
Rhamnose
Natural deoxy sugar extracts from Uncaria, native to tropical area, in the same family as Cat's claw. It stimulates the collagen production to soothe the skin and enhance its elasticity.
 
Rose Absolute Flower Extract
Rosa damascene
Solvent extraction of the beautiful Damask rose petal. It takes over 10,000kg petals to extract 6.7kg rose absolute. It keeps the original plant smell as it did not go through high temperature extraction. Famous for it rich-sweet scent, Rose can improve general wellbeing and is emotionally balancing. It is helpful in the treatment of sensitive, dry and mature skin.
 
Rose de Mai
Rosa centifolia
Also called as the cabbage rose or hundred petaled rose, a complex hybrid rose from Dutch in 19th century. Common source for rose oil. It is skin conditioning with calming and uplifting scent.
 
Rose Hip Seed Oil
Rosa eglanteria
Seed oil extract from rose bush at southern Andes. Rose hip oil contains retinol, Vitamin C as well as essential fatty acids, including Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. The retinol content in Rose hip oil may reduce the appearance of wrinkles, as well as even out the skin tone. It is often used to reduce the appearance of scars and is nourishing to ageing, dry and flaky skin.
 
Rose Otto
Rosa damascene
Obtained from steam distillation of beautiful Damask rose. It takes 10,000kg rose to yield 2kg Rose Otto, its fragrance is more long-lasting then rose absolute. Rose can improve general wellbeing and is emotionally balancing. It is helpful in the treatment of sensitive, dry and mature skin.
 
Rosemary Flower
Rosmarinus officinalis
Extracts from fresh flowering tops of evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean region. With a powerful refreshing herbal smell, Rosemary is emotionally uplifting and stimulating and helps with promoting clarity. Avoid during pregnancy and not recommended for people with epilepsy or high blood pressure.
 
Rosemary Leaf Extract
Rosmarinus officinalis
Leaf extracts by supercritical carbon dioxide at room temperature, it keeps the natural constituent presence in rosemary which may altered in high temperature steam distillation. Rosemary leaf extract could retard the fatty oil oxidation, which is a natural source for emulsifier and anti-oxidant.
 
Rosewood Oil
Aniba rosaeodora
Wood chippings extracts from Brazilian evergreen tree. Regarded as cell stimulant and tissue regenerator.
 
Sabiwhite
(Tetrahydrodiferuloylmethane) Trademarked formula from Sabinsa Cosmetics. Hydrogenated extracts from natural Turmeric roots are topical anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, with superior free radical scavenging and lipid peroxidation inhibition efficacy as compared to vitamins. Effective skin lightening agent with multifunctional topical benefits. The extract is safe for topical use with no irritant or sensitisation side effects.
 
Shea Buttler
Butyrospermum parkii
Oil-rich seed extracts from a wild tree in Africa, Shea Butter has anti-inflammatory and moisturising properties, supporting skin texture and reducing dryness and irritation. It is gentle on the skin and as such, is suitable for a wide range of individuals including those with sensitive skin.
 
Sibirian Fir Needle Extract
Abies sibirica
Extracts from coniferous ever green tree in Siberica. It exhibits incredible adaptive ability to remain vibrant, green and disease free all year round despite being exposed to extreme temperatures ranging from -50°C to +40°C, and extended periods throughout winter of up to 24 hours of darkness. Its high concentration of bio-active iron, helps the blood building and oxygen utilisation to fight against skin from environmental damage.
 
Sodium Benzoate
Preservatives commonly used in skincare and food industry for inhibiting the growth and survival of micro-organisms.
 
Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate
Foaming agent derived from glutamate amino acid and coconut oil.
 
Sodium Hyaluronate
Use in skin care for its natural moisturising factor. Hyaluronic acid content is naturally occurred in body and the level will gradually decrease in aged skin. It is a natural moisturising component of human skin. A powerful moisturiser and 'water magnet' that can bind 500-1000 times its own weight in water.
 
Sodium Lactate
It is naturally produced by skin. Skincare with sodium lactate derived from fermentation of corn or beetroots. Effectively moisturise skin by increasing the water content.
 
Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate
Derived from coconut oil. As a skin conditioning agent, it helps the active ingredient to penetrate into skin easily.
 
Sodium PCA
Sodium PCA is a naturally occurring humectants found in human skin that is a derivative of amino acids. It delivers moisture to the skin and hair.
 
Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate
Biodegradable mild emulsifier, it decreases the surface tension between liquid and oil phase of the component.
 
Sorbitan Olivate
Biodegradable emulsifier derived from olive oil. It promotes the retention of water, soothes the skin and reduces irritation.
 
Sorbitan Palmitate
Natural emulsifying agent from palmitic acid.
 
Spearmint
Mentha spicata
Extracts from flowering tops of Spearmint plant native to Europe and Southwest Asia. Slightly sweet mint aroma to help pore cleansing and refreshing mind.
 
Spirulina
Arthrospira platensis
An oceanic algae native in tropical and subtropical lakes in Africa, Asia and South America. Enriched with proteins, vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants. It contains Gamma linolenic acid (GLA), which is the essential fatty acid to protect skin cell integrity where human body not able to manufacture ourselves. Spirulina helps increase skin metabolism, enhance skin turnover and provide skin healing.
 
Spruce Leaf Oil
Natural emulsifying agent from palmitic acid.
 
Spearmint
Mentha spicata
Extracts from flowering tops of Spearmint plant native to Europe and Southwest Asia. Slightly sweet mint aroma to help pore cleansing and refreshing mind.
 
Spirulina
Arthrospira platensis
An oceanic algae native in tropical and subtropical lakes in Africa, Asia and South America. Enriched with proteins, vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants. It contains Gamma linolenic acid (GLA), which is the essential fatty acid to protect skin cell integrity where human body not able to manufacture ourselves. Spirulina helps increase skin metabolism, enhance skin turnover and provide skin healing.
 
Spruce Leaf Oil
Picea mariana
Extracts from leaf of Black spruce native to Canada. It warms, soothes muscle spasms and pain.
 
Squalene
Derived from either olive plants or shark liver oil. Squalene is also produced in human body as major skin surface lipid oils. It moisturise skin and prevent the free radical damage.
 
Stearic Acid
Saturated fatty acid as an emulsifying agent to binds the water/ oil phase, and cleansing oil on skin surface.
 
Sunflower Seed Oil
Helianthus annuus
Non volatile oil from sunflower seeds extract. Sunflower oil is rich in skin nurturing fatty acids with high amounts of therapeutic Vitamin A, D and E. The Organic Sunflower Oil has a pleasant scent and is easily applied and absorbed. It is ideal as general purpose oil and is suitable for all skin types.
 
Sweet Almond Oil
Prunus amygdalus dulcis
Extracts from dried kernels of sweet almonds. It is traditionally used for facial and body skin care, Almond oil is rich in mono-unsaturated fatty acids, B-complex Vitamins, Vitamin A and E, and is compatible with skin lipids. It provides hydration and nourishment, leaving skin soft and revitalised. It is an ideal carrier of essential oils for massages and suitable for all skin types.
 
Sweet Orange Oil
Citrus aurantium dulcis
Fruit, flowers and peel extract from orange tree native to China and America, it can soften skin cell and emotionally uplifting.
 
Tangerine
Citrus reticulata Blanco
Cross between mandarin and the bitter orange. Tangerine is a subgroup of mandarin with reddish orange peel. Same as mandarin, it is gentle and calming and excellent for reducing tension.
 
Tea Tree Leaf Oil
Melaleuca alternifolia
Leave extracts from tea trees indigenous to Australia. It has powerful cleansing and purifying properties. Non-toxic, non-irritant but may cause skin sensitisation on some individuals.
 
Titanium Dioxide CI 77891
White pigment of the naturally occurred oxide of titanium. Used in skincare industry for its strong UV absorbing power, it enhances the product stability and protects the skin from sunlight.
 
Trehalose
Trehalose is a sugar which is found in cactus plants. It protects cactus from drying in deserts. It is considered useful because of its rehydrating and water binding properties, as well as its anti-oxidant powers. Trehalose, when applied topically, may allow the skin to retain moisture that it would otherwise lose, creating dry skin and potentially increasing ageing signs
 
Vetiver
Vetiveria zizanioides
Root extracts from the herb native to tropical area. It is used as a cooling agent with calming effect.
 
Violet
Viola odorata
Violet is native to Europe and Africa. It is used to treat skin conditions such as acne, psoriasis, skin ruptures and similar skin ailments. New research indicates that extracts made from these flowers may have strong anti-oxidative properties that fight free radicals which can lead to cell DNA damage.
 
Vitamin C
Ascorbyl Palmitate
Fat- soluble Vitamin C, high anti-oxidant level to protects cell membranes and fights against free radicals from UV damage to skin.
 
Vitamin E (d-Alpha Tocopherol)
Natural Vitamin E is using in the treatment of various skin disorders and photo-ageing. It is an anti-oxidant to protect cell membranes. Excellent skin moisturiser and healing agent that protects against UV damage and keep skin smooth and flexible.
 
Wakame
Undaria pinnatifida
Extracted from wild Wakame seaweed growing in the remote and pristine ocean waters of Patagonia. Wakame is rich in important minerals like sodium, iron, potassium, and is enriched in calcium. It also contains B-group Vitamins, which help to soothe skin irritation. Wakame is also rich in anti-oxidants which fight free radicals and therefore very effective in anti-ageing skin care products
 
Water
Aqua
Act as a carrier for the botanical extracts to be suspended in the formula.
 
Xanthan Gum
Derived from fermentation of sugar. Act as a viscosity enhancer and stabilising agent especially in water based formula.
 
Ylang Ylang
Cananga odorata
Extracts from the flower of the woody evergreen tree native to Molucca, Philippines and Madagasca. Ylang Ylang Complete is the full distillation of the delicate flower. With an exotic sweet scent, Ylang Ylang is emotionally calming, relaxing and stabilising. A very popular oil in romance blends.
 
Zinc Oxide
Also known as Zinc white, it occurs naturally as the mineral Zincite. It acts as a physically sun light blocking agent as it reflects most of the UV waves. Its large molecular size also prevent from penetrating into skin lead to skin irritation.
 
Zinc PCA
Zinc PCA is useful as sebum inhibitors, odour absorber. It also inhibits AP-1, a promoter of collagenase production, which is responsible for the appearance of skin wrinkles.
 
 

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